Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Industrial Revolutions Influence on European Society

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the Industrial Revolution in Europe had a significant influence on society. There were many changes in social classes and equality. The rise of the middle class had a momentous effect on the population of Europe and was a catalyst for many changes in the social makeup of the region. The influence of technology and electricity changed many aspects of social interaction and created a new class system. The migration of workers and the separation of the classes had political and social repercussions throughout Europe. Labor unions and political parties provided protection and a voice to many of the working class, and urbanization provided the stage for reformers to push for modernized†¦show more content†¦Another by-product of the migration and urbanization was the changing role of women. As the women left the rural areas where they had been the maternal leader of their families, they sought employment in the new factories. De spite the new working women they remained â€Å"second-class citizens† throughout Europe. Regardless of their social class or setting, women remained marginalized in society. In the nineteenth century, women â€Å"faced social and legal disabilities in three areas: property rights, family law, and education† (727). As workers and unions sought a voice for the masses, women, too, were seeking equality. As women sought equality, the nations of Europe gradually turned to democracy and an electoral system. With the democratic philosophy, political parties were being introduced for the first time. Political parties were organized to help educate the new voters because many of the working class were not educated on the process. As the political parties grew, the working class became the largest sect of voters. The political parties also provided a spring-board for the socialist party. The ideas of socialism were rooted in the vision of equality for the working class. The utopian view of all classes sharing across the European continent by the socialists was not shared by many of the nationalist. European socialists â€Å"badly underestimated the emotional drawing power of nationalism† (738). TheShow MoreRelatedThe Social and Political Influences Leading up to the First World War1035 Words   |  5 PagesThe Social and Political Influences Leading up to the First World War Romanticism began in the closing decades of the Eighteenth Century. Influencing all spheres of life, pervading the populace of Europe and the first half of the Nineteenth Century with idealistic, yet unreal sentiment. Contradicting any romantic or idealistic belief were the uniform followers of rationalism and conservatism, descendents of Puritanism that arose in the Church of England during the early 17th Century. The GermanRead MoreThe Unprecedented Success Of Revolution1594 Words   |  7 Pagesrevolution, an often chaotic and transformative event that attempts to change a nation, society, or world. And though it can be argued that revolution results in the bloodshed of masses, it is imperative to understand that self-aggrandizement of unfair leaders and unequal distribution of rights have often been the case in history when revolution is non-present. And only through revolutions such as the Enlightenment, Industrial, French, American, and Haitian Revolutions, has the world becom e as comfortableRead MoreGraphic Design Style Of The Victorian Era1681 Words   |  7 PagesIn the past years, their have been dramatic changes that have influenced the development of graphic design since the 19th century. Going back to 1900, after the Industrial Revolution in the Victorian Era there was a social and economic change as the world developed. There was the first printed book and first movable type, there were new printing press, first san-serifs, and first brand loyalty. However, with their ability to easily recreate designs, they replaced craft mans with cheaper and fasterRead MoreForces That Drove European Imperialism3495 Words   |  14 Pagesfootnotes, title page, works cited): 2994 Question  : What forces drove Europes imperial expansion in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries? You may, if you wish, focus on one of the major European powers. At the turn of the 20th century, the forces of â€Å"new imperialism† motivated European empires to seek territorial acquisition abroad in the hopes of building their empire by obtaining political, economic, and social advantages over their fellow adversaries. This essay will show that theRead MoreThe Essential Questions5521 Words   |  23 PagesPoliziano, Marsilio Ficino, Lorenzo Valla, Aldo Manuzio, Poggio Bracciolini, the renaissance epic authors Castiglione, Ludovico Ariosto and Torquato Tasso and prose authors such as Machiavelli. Italian Renaissance painting exercised a dominant influence on Western painting for centuries afterwards, with artists such as Michelangelo, Raphael, Botticelli, Titian, and Leonardo da Vinci, and the same is true for architecture, with Andrea Palladio and works such as Florence Cathedral and St. PetersRead MoreHow the Trickle-Down Theory Works in China Essay2820 Words   |  12 Pagestheory in fashion industry, has significant meaning in 19 th to 20th century Europe. The American economist and sociologist, Veblen, published The theory of the Leisure Class by 1899, in which he discussed the split between the leisure class and the industrial class in the US critically. He concluded that leisure class treats dress as a sign of their status and possessions, furthermore, ‘Dress must not only be conspicuously expensive and inconvenient; it must at the same time be up to date’(Veblen 1994)Read MoreTsar Nicholas II and 1905 Revolution Essay1995 Words   |  8 Pagesnegotiations presided over by President Roosevelt the terms were quite lenient. This allowed Nicholas to save face, pride and secure his position. In 1905, despite the appalling conditions that the workers in the agricultural and industrial sectors were suffering, there was still support and good will towards the Tsar. It is suggested that the people did not blame the Tsar, but his advisers for the state of the country. On the 22nd January 1905 peaceful demonstrationsRead More The Evolving Nexus between Islam and Iran Essay5554 Words   |  23 Pagesdesign that struck an instant chord with Muslims worldwide. Unlike the Islamic movements in other countries such as Egypt or Pakistan or Afghanistan where all involved parties intended to invoke some hue of Islamic principles into society or government, many of the Revolution’s involved parties simply wanted â€Å"O death to this Shah![1]† along with solutions to their daily struggles. This post-Revolution factionalism may be one contributing factor to the un-Islamic sociocultural environment in Iran, as will

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay 4th Grade Samples Can Be Fun for Everyone

Essay 4th Grade Samples Can Be Fun for Everyone Likewise, it has to be logically complete and express a particular idea. Three (identical) ghosts have to be saved to finish the activity. Among the things that is the exact same is that we both have people who are black and white. There are things which are the exact same and various other things which are really different. In the 21st century, employing a dictionary can appear to be a dated and inefficient practice. Besides that, your point of view will decide on the sort of essay you're writing. This image indicates a 3D model. Produces expository text utilizing appropriate form and fashion in response to prompt. The second paragraph should be devoted to the important character traits of the major personality in the story. The 4th grade writing curriculum involves a huge array of concepts. Your fourth grader is beginning to get opinions and beliefs on a wide variety of subjects. Put simply, your fourth graders are forming hypotheses about the results of the activity. There are lots of approaches that may be used. The degree of analysis and material quality varies, based on the degree of book report. You are able to simply get the major idea or use quotations. This concept may also get the job done for words and definitions. Finding fun 4th grade activities can be very an uphill job. Kids LOVE this enjoyable and efficient game that's terrific for the kinesthetic learner. If you're on the search for fun math activities, look no more. Kids linked to games very well. Choosing Good Essay 4th Grade Samples Fourth grade science activities are an excellent way to provide your students practice mastering the many steps involved in a science experiment. Once all of the math is figured, students create their drawing. Fourth graders are anticipated to be in a position to perform a very simple science experiment by themselves. Fourth grade is a fantastic level for students to commence taking their own notes. Nonfiction writing is a significant indicator of how well your kid is learning essential literary skills. It is given much importance in school as it is the bedrock of all other subjects too. Teaching geographical features just got a little easier with the assistance of these superb ideas from different teachers. While teachers ought to be there to help, your little one ought to be doing the job. The student has used a crystal clear and practical structure to organize her or his work, along with presented coherent opinions. If he shows excellent grammar, good organization and a good overall effect, he would score a total of ten points. Younger students can play the simple edition, and older or more skilled students may play the complicated edition. The Chronicles of Essay 4th Grade Samples Being a real math end of term test, it's the right math for summer holiday activity for kids. Beginning a routine of excellent preparation for tests and very good homework habits will let your child deal with the exam period better. In case you or your kid is fighting to cope with numerous things, write a list and go week by week or maybe a day or two at one time. The more knowledge he or she builds during the prewriting stage, the easier it will be to write. A persuasive speech is provided with the goal of persuading the audience to feel a specific method to take a specific action or to support a particular view or cause. Starting off with a rhetorical question that suits your situation is also a great way to start. You should have your reasons, and our principal concern is that you find yourself getting an excellent grade. If you read a biography, write about a few of the critical events in his or her life. An outline of a book report typically is made up of the important events and characters that play an immense part in the book. This is excellent for biography research projects. These assessments incorporate some pieces of text that are linked by means of a theme. It is possible to also compose another paragraph in regards to the other characters in the book. You must identify if a part of the book is related to its context or only a very simple side story. You don't should state everything from every chapter, just concentrate on whatever you believe is essential. This section gives you the ability to criticize the book.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (AP) Pakistan tested a seco Essay Example For Students

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (AP) Pakistan tested a seco Essay nd nuclear-capable missile Thursday, official sources said, upping the ante in the missile race with its uneasy neighbor India. The range of the newest missile wasnt immediately known. The Ghauri II, which has a range of 1,200 miles, was tested in response to a similar test carried out by India last Sunday. It wasnt immediately clear why Pakistan chose to conduct a second test or whether it would prompt India to respond. Serbs: NATO Bombed Refugee ConvoyBELGRADE, Yugoslavia (AP) Yugoslavia accused NATO jets of blasting apart a convoy of refugees under Serb police escort Wednesday. The alliance said its pilots fired on military vehicles only, and the Pentagon suggested that Serbs may have been responsible for the carnage. NATO targeted military barracks, transmitters carrying the state-run television program and a series of bridges late Wednesday and early Thursday that reportedly injured three people the official Tanjug news agency said. Captured Americans Said To Be SafeBELGRADE, Yugoslavia (AP) A top Yugoslav official on Wednesday said the three U.S. soldiers captured last month by Serbian forces are being treated well. They were captured in our territory, and this state, even in such terrible circumstances, will respect the Geneva convention, Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minister Vuk Draskovic told CBS Evening News. Draskovic said the men would be released immediately after the stopping of the war. The soldiers have not been visited by any outside agency since their capture. Mrs. Dole Touts Her CredentialsANNAPOLIS, Md. (AP) Republican presidential hopeful Elizabeth Dole made her case for succeeding President Clinton to a group of 4,000 midshipmen of the U.S. Naval Academy tonight. Mrs. Dole, the wife of former presidential candidate and long-time Sen. Bob Dole, ticked off her travels through Bosnia and Beijing and endorsed ground troops in Kosovo. She called on Clinton to use all the power necessary to defeat Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevics campaign against Kosovo. Teen-Ager Gets 70 Years for MurderTOMS RIVER, N.J. (AP) Portrayed as both victim and criminal, a teen-ager who admitted to killing an 11-year-old boy apologized as he was sentenced to 70 years in prison. Sam Manzie, 17, described by prosecutors as a sociopath programmed to have sex, rape and kill, told the victims parents he doesnt know how he got that way: I still cant figure out why I did what I did. Eddie Werner was strangled after he came to Manzies house selling items for the PTA in 1997. Prosecutors said Manzie killed the boy for rejecting his sexual advances. Sega Unveils New Video GameNEW YORK (AP) Sega will release Dreamcast, its next-generation video-game system, in September, hoping to gain a competitive advantage against rivals Sony and Nintendo for the crucial holiday shopping season. Sega is expected to announce Thursday it will launch a $100 million marketing campaign to support the U.S. rollout of Dreamcast, which will retail for $199. Sega will be the first manufacturer to release the next generation of gaming system in the United States. Dreamcast has already sold more than 1 million units in Japan since its launch last November. Tokyo Stocks Up at MiddayTOKYO (AP) Japanese stocks edged higher Thursday morning as investors snapped up financial shares and Sony announced a deal with IBM. The Nikkei rose 22.90 points to close the morning session at 16,787.58. In New York Wednesday, the Dow gained 16.65 to close at 10,411.66. Pacers Snap Magic Winning StreakINDIANAPOLIS (AP) Reggie Miller hit all 12 of his free throws and finished with 21 points as Indiana defeated Orlando 83-80 in a battle of Eastern Conference leaders Wednesday night, snapping the Magics six-game winning streak. The Magic trailed by nine points in the third quarter before Penny Hardaway, who finished with 25 points, hit a 3-pointer to pull Orlando even at 78-78 with 3:24 to play. .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d , .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d .postImageUrl , .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d , .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d:hover , .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d:visited , .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d:active { border:0!important; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d:active , .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ud0100850a4269835dc3315f0a63f147d:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: In Search Of Excellence: Review (721 words) EssayBlues Bust Mighty Ducks 3-1ANAHEIM, Calif. (AP) Michel Picard and Geoff Courtnall scored goals 25 seconds apart in the first period and St. Louis beat Anaheim 3-1 Wednesday night, moving the Blues one point ahead of the Mighty Ducks in the Western Conference playoff race. Grant Fuhr stopped 31 shots, and was impenetrable until the third period when his shutout bid was spoiled by Paul Kariya.

Thursday, April 2, 2020

Structure and development of Australian Curriculum

Introduction Due to the dynamic changes that characterise the 21st century, Australia has done some progressive changes to its curriculum, all of which aim at making the skills acquired because of deploying the curriculum in teaching more market-demand oriented. The declarations of the goals of education that are vital for Australian young generation, as voiced by Melbourne, have greatly inspired the Australian curriculum.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Structure and development of Australian Curriculum specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The ministry of states and territory education adopted the declarations in 2008. According to ACARA (2010), â€Å"The Melbourne Declaration emphasizes the importance of knowledge, understanding and skills of learning areas, general capabilities and cross-curriculum priorities as the basis for a curriculum designed to support 21st century learning† (Para.1). Australia has es tablished a criterion for signifying the changes by using a coding system. An example of the code system is v1.1. â€Å"A change to the number after the point marks any updates to the curriculum such as additional information or editorial changes† (ACARA, 2010, Para. 1). The curriculum in one way or another deploys the process-product model but puts incredible emphasis on the varying students’ needs. By noting that education needs of students and labor markets are diverse, this paper examines the various features of the updated Australian curriculum, as accomplished by The Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) in quest to cater for the needs of the 21st century learners. The Structure of the Australian curriculum Education and skills, which are the base level requirements of job markets, keep on changing: something that necessitates the need for alteration of curriculum to suit such demands. Consequently, the Australian curriculum has to face progressive modifications to make sure it takes into consideration the requirements of all the learners, as time changes. The need for validation of the curriculum increases based on the onset of sophistication of technologies and dynamics of the skills base of the Australian labor markets. As a result, Australia cannot avoid a corresponding validation and modification of the curriculum. In this regard, According to ACARA (2010), â€Å"The foundation to year 10 Australian curriculums for English, mathematics, science and history is now available including curriculum content supported with elaborations and achievements standards supported with work samples† (Para.1). It therefore means that the Australian curriculum is keeping abreast with dynamics of education to meet changing needs of students as well as labor market.Advertising Looking for essay on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More ACARA has the chief respon sibility of developing the curriculum in Australia. â€Å"The scope and sequence summarises the curriculum documents of all states and territories and the Statements of Learning for Science† (MCEETYA, 2006, p.4). The scope of the curriculum work encompasses development of â€Å"curriculum from kindergarten to year 12, beginning with learning areas of English, mathematics, science and history† (2010, Para. 2) followed by curriculum development in arts, languages and geography subjects. Every subject must have the aims or rationale behind it described well, must have brief description of year levels and organization of the learning areas, have provisions for explanation of what people anticipate of the teachers to deliver as well as the descriptions of the expected quality standards that the teachers must meet. According to ACARA, the curriculum also provides â€Å"†¦student work samples that illustrate the achievement standard at each year level† (2010, Para .5). Thus, the work samples guide teachers in assessing performance of students from kindergarten to the others grade years. In addition, the curriculum must also have a glossary written consistently in accordance with the various terms that any curriculum must employ. Relationship of Australian curriculum with other models Australian curriculum is well compliant with various curriculum models, which borrow widely from process-product models and procedural models. Such models include Tyler and Skilbeck’s situational analysis models. Tyler’s model borrows it basis from sequences that are logically developed. â€Å"The models begins with the objectives through to content to method and then to evaluation/assessment† (Brady Kennedy, 2010, p.41). On the other hand, Skilbeck’s situational analysis model seeks to provide a process for examination of contexts that people deem appropriate for operation of the curriculum. Such theoretical basis is crucial for cons truction of any curriculum model: something that ACARA appears to appreciate. Although, Tyler may have not intended to deploy his procedural model to prescribe specific steps in the curriculum making process, the Australian curriculum rather follows specific planning steps tantamount to those theorized by Tyler. To ensure that the Australian curriculum measures up to the international curriculum, the requisite body: ACARA, charged with responsibility of curriculum modification benchmarks the newly to be incorporated changes with curriculum from other nations.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Structure and development of Australian Curriculum specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Australian curriculum depicts a significant relationship with other curriculum models, as it takes into consideration the importance of hitting an optimal capability to interrelate the skills, the experiences acquired and the capacity of t he learners to deploy such skills in their lifelong endeavors. Virtually all people endow different students with differing capacity to build on abstract ideas, reason critically, and make impeccable application of the meta-cognitive skills in the due learning process. Such concerns in the Australian curriculum are somewhat compliant with the Stibecks model, put forward in 1976, in which he highlights the importance of school cultures and proclaims that in understanding of these culture contributions to the effectiveness of learning results, the first step would entangle conducting situational analysis. Directly congruent with the Australian curriculum model, Stilbeck model emphasizes on the â€Å"goal formulations, program building implementation and monitoring† (p.26). Consequently, in an endeavor to guarantee the safeguarding of underachievement, â€Å"curriculum needs to be developed that will both challenge and stimulate students appropriately† (Brady Kennedy, 20 10, p.32). This constitutes a major aim of all described curriculum models and something inherent in the Australian curriculum model. Choice and Flexibility are essential components of any curriculum. Differentiation, followed by fine-tuning of the curriculum models has the capacity to aid in a creative way in producing a curriculum that is accommodative of all individual student differences. Similar to other curriculum models, Australian curriculum model aims at ensuring that the curriculum is adaptive to accommodate every student. It accomplishes this through substantive revisions, as prompted by the need to meet the dynamic market labor demands. Definition of the Australian curriculum The idea of curriculum has been in use over a long term to describe the schooling organizations. In his book, The Curriculum, Kelly defines curriculum as â€Å"all the learning, planned and guided by school, whether done in groups or individually inside or outside the school† (1999, p.12).Adv ertising Looking for essay on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this context, one can view curriculum cuts as a product, which entangles a transmittable sphere of knowledge. He/ she can as well view it as a praxis and or process, which are congruent with Aristotle’s classification of knowledge into four categories: â€Å"the theoretical, the productive, and the practical† (Kelly, 1999, p.5). The syllabus itself is more of theoretical and must undergo a process to make it more practical. The outputs of the process: products and praxis render the curriculum productive. In the context of the Australian definition of curriculum, according to the Royal Australian college of general practitioner curriculum â€Å"details the knowledge, skills and attitudes, necessary competency, unsupervised general practice and emphasizes self directed learning objectives, the development of critical self reflection and lifelong learning skills, and maintenance of professional practice standards† (2010, Para. 6). This definition, substantially addresses the key concerns of any curriculum in a broad sense in schooling. However, according to Marsh (2004), the much scholarly contested need for the inclusion of the curriculum applications outside school is still left out to confine the definition of the curriculum (p.199). Thus, teachers need to entangle strategies, which make sure that the key skills and competencies get across to students effectively. Goals and purposes of education The purposes of education entail making every student, irrespective of race or disability to grow into full potential and capacity since education encompasses creation of means of opening barriers, minds and making it possible to convert impossibilities into possibilities (Marsh 2004, p.210). The curriculum in Australia seeks to instill strong foundation on key areas of learning including numeracy, teamwork, creativity, social competence, literacy, self-management among other areas. The main object aims at enabling all the Australian students to stand a chance of learning through multi interdisciplinary environment with the intention of developing new and efficient expertise that meets the hefty demands of the 21st century job market. The Australian curriculum supports and promotes the view that curriculum constitutes a major tool for predicting and ensuring that young people in Australia become competitive in cultural life, economic and political both locally and in the international floors. According to (ACARA), such a curriculum deserve to be a reflection of the Australian â€Å" visions for future and best attempts for predicting and planning what young people will need to be active and successful† (2010, Para.8). In the development process of the curriculum, involvement of all stakeholders and professional associations have the capacity to supply the ardently required expertise deemed necessary for merging the views of the curriculum and actual practice on the ground. The views of Australian curriculum on the l earner The learners are diverse and have varying capabilities. The founders of the Australian curriculum framed it in a way that â€Å"ensures that curriculum content and achievements standards establish high expectations for all students† (Killen, 2003, p.23). The curriculum is flexible and tailor made in such a way that it turns rigorous with provisions for availing engagement opportunities during the learning process to all students who are viewed as possessing multiple need which evidently spontaneously change largely due to factors attributable to diversity in historical backgrounds and social economics. Worth noting is that many diverse factors inform the curriculum thereby influencing the curriculum view of learners. The first factor is philosophy, which helps in understanding the behaviors of students and how to cope with these behaviors in order to ensure proper learning. The curriculum also caters for the needs of students who need special treatment. Human developme nt has also influenced Australian curriculum view of learners. Due to the rapid change happening in the current world, which involves a lot of human development, the Australian curriculum is undergoing many changes to produce students who can cope with the changes experienced in 21st century. This curriculum caters for all kind of learners. Learning theories, evident in the curriculum, aid in understanding the complex process of learning. The valued processes of teaching, assessment and learning Australian curriculum ensures effective processes of learning, teaching, and assessment of all students. These processes are paramount in ensuring that student getting out of Australian schools are well informed and are ready to tackle diverse challenges. The learning process is of great essence in this curriculum, as it serves to equip students with the necessary skills as stipulated in the curriculum. This incorporates student-centered and teacher –directed learning together with en abling all students to relax and instigate different questions with lot of increasing initiative, expertise, and self-direction (Rudd Smith, 2007, p. 17). Learning process involves theoretical learning in books, education visits, and practical lessons. This makes learning more enjoyable and meaningful for all students and to aid students in making sense of key concepts or ideas. Accessing whether the student has achieved at, below, or above the set standards is paramount because it forms a strong feedback on how to improve the teaching process for better results. In addition, it aids in discovering students requiring targeted teaching and additional support to ensure that they do not fall behind other students. Assessment process of this curriculum occurs for different purposes and at different levels. This include, ongoing formative assessments within Australian classrooms with aim of monitoring learning processes and providing feedback to Australian teachers to inform their own t eaching and improve way of learning among students (Pinar, 2003, p.23). Monitoring learning process and continuous assessment of students is essential in determining of appropriate curriculum. Furthermore, there is a summative assessment done for diverse purposes of twice-yearly assessment and reporting to guardians and parents on achievements and progress of their students. In addition, there is an annual â€Å"†¦testing of different levels of students’ achievements in distinct aspects of numeracy and literacy† (Pinar, 2003, p.23). This is, â€Å"conducted as a part of Australian National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy’ (NAPLAN)† (Holt, 1996, p.249). Lastly, there is periodic sample evaluation and testing of learning areas, which fall within this curriculum in order to ensure high quality standards are maintained. All these process have produced remarkable results by producing well-informed students with diverse knowledge. Extent to which Australian Curriculum cater for the 21st century needs Over the years, Australian curriculum has undergone tremendous changes all aimed at re-defining the goals of education, re-conceptualizing of skills, attributes, and depositions that young Australians should gain from their education. This re-conceptualization is set to cater for unprecedented global changes, driven by technological and economic forces as well as environmental challenges. This curriculum is, â€Å"focused on equipping students with adequate skills so as to take advantage of diverse opportunities offered by the rapid changing world and contribute to tacking its many challenges† (Schwartz, 2006, p.449). It achieves this through quality teaching, innovations, good leadership in schools, and employment of highly qualified professionals in the learning institutions. In addition, Australian Government has endorsed different researches, which provide means of catering for the diverse needs experienced in 21st ce ntury. Conclusion ACARA plays a significant role in ensuring that Australian curriculum is flexible to keep breast with changing dynamics in education and labor markets. In the development of the curriculum, ACARA has realized the need for collective purpose in education. Consequently, Australian curriculum has undergone several changes into its updated stated discussed in the paper. Since the curriculum views the needs of students as diverse, it must satisfy their myriads anticipations. Substantive revisions are inevitable, if at all, one has to meet the demands precisely. Thus, the essay claims that the characteristic changes in the labor market demand have the capacity to warrant for the need to revise the curriculum perhaps annually. References Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting Authority. (2010). Australian curriculum. Web. Brady, L., Kennedy, K. (2010). Curriculum Construction, (4th Ed.). French’s Forest: Pearson. Holt, M. (1996). The making of Casablanca a nd the making of curriculum. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 28(3), 241-251. Kelly, A. (1999). The Curriculum. Theory and Practice. London: Paul Chapman. Killen, R. (2003). Effective teaching strategies: Lessons from research and practice, (3rd Ed.).Tuggerah, NSW: Social Science Press. Marsh, C. J. (2004). Key Concepts for Understanding Curriculum, (3rd Ed.). London; New York: Routledge Falmer. MCEETYA. (2006). Statements of Learning for Science. Melbourne: Curriculum Corporation. Pinar, W. (2003). International Handbook of Curriculum Research. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Royal Australian College of General Practitioner. (2010). Frameworks for A New Curriculum. Retrieved from https://www.racgp.org.au/education/education-providers/curriculum. Rudd, K., Smith, S. (2007). Establishing a National Curriculum to improve our Children’s Educational Outcomes. New Directions for our Schools. Oxford: Oxford UP. Schwartz, M. (2006). For who do we Write Curriculum? Journal of Cur riculum Studies, 38(4), 449-457. This essay on Structure and development of Australian Curriculum was written and submitted by user Rylan Beck to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Prayer In Schools Essays - Prayer, Christian Prayer, Spirituality

Prayer In Schools Essays - Prayer, Christian Prayer, Spirituality Prayer In Schools Prayer in Public Schools: Should It Be Constitutional The courts have ruled against prayer in school. Many agree with decision; yet many disagree including myself. Prayer should be allowed in public school because it is already practiced, it prevents immoral acts, and it enhances the learning environment. The issue of prayer in school has been debated in the U.S. since the North West Treaty (1787and 1789) which states: Religion, morality, and the knowledge being necessary for good government and the happiness of man kind, schools and the means of learning shall forever be engorged. Thus, religion, which includes prayer, was deemed to be necessary. Many people believe that prayer is not allowed in the public schools. In fact prayer is allowed in the school system on buses, at the flagpole, in student religious groups, and in the cafeteria. However, prayer is not permitted in the classroom itself when class is in session. Prayer in class would violate the principles of church- state separation, which is defined by court interpretations of the First Amendment. This requires that public school teachers, principals, and boards to be religiously neutral. The reason for this is to prevent any arguments among students and teachers about their specific religion. Public schools had prayer for nearly two hundred years before the supreme court ruled that state- mandated class prayers were unconstitutional (Engle, 1962) The fact that prayer was practiced for nearly two-hundred years established it by precedent as a beneficial practice in our schools. Since the court outlawed prayer, the nation has been in steady moral decline. Former secretary of education William Bennett revealed in his cultured indexes that between 1960 and1990 there was a steady moral decline. During this period divorce doubled, teenage pregnancy went up 200%, teen suicide increased 300%, child abuse reached an all time high, violent crime went up 500% and abortion increased 1000% . Morals must be taught and they can not be taught properly without religion, because most of the strong moral beliefs stem from religion such as the Ten Commandments. There is a strong correlation between the expulsion of prayer from our schools and the decline in morality. The third argument is prayer enhances the learning environment at public schools. Prayer enhances the learning environment because when there is a test coming up or a paper due, you think to yourself, How am I going to do all of this, and do well? I know from personal experiences, that having a number of assignments due at the same time can be frustrating. When this happens, I always turn to God, and he guides and gives me strength and understanding. The outcome from doing praying is always good and the things that I asked for in my prayer are always bestowed upon me. Prayer may not enhance everyones learning environment but I know before I start my day, I ask God to let me have a good day and let everything that I do, be a true learning experience for me. The experience may not always be good, but if it happens, it happens for a reason. Finally, I will end with a quote from An Outrageous Idea: Natural Prayer written by Patty Jo Cornish. We have forgotten that we are all in this together and we keep separating ourselves by ourselves by colors, by football teams, by clothes, by money, by creed, by greed, by boundaries, by age, and so on and on. We need something to pull us all together, natural prayer could be that miracle. It includes everyone even the non-believers.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Week 7 Group Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Week 7 Group - Assignment Example The first, and most important, activity is to classify users into categories and define their duties and rights of access. ABC users can be subdivided into two main categories; ABC staff who include developers and the ABC administration, and the general public which incorporates developers from other companies and ABC clients. Whereas ABC employees have more access to company systems external users get restricted access to these resources. For instance, ABC developers need to have access to secured servers that will allow them to develop new software and be able to post them to less secured public servers from where other developers and software lovers can download software or its source code. A number of servers with different configurations must be employed so as to have a reliable system. An internal CVS server would be necessary to limit access to the company’s most crucial systems to its employees. Its location shall be in a remote location that cannot be easily accessed. It shall also have a live backup system that will be use to back it up in preparation for any failure. This will ensure that there is limited disruption in case the internal CVS server fails (Newman 2010). This server is configured in such a way that it is only accessible within the company network and from recognized and authenticated proxies. In order to make this possible, the system administrator creates a readers file in the servers root. The file defines the read and write permissions for all users and domains that can access it. It also authenticates the users and blocks any unauthorized access. The administrator can also ban some users from accessing the server even if they are company staff. The company will conduct its business using this server. It is necessary to make sure that the server cannot be configured remotely. This ensures